Tech

The 5 Best Web Programming Languages You Can Choose From in 2022

Making the right choices of web programming languages is the key to creating an appealing and easy-to-navigate website that also delivers impressive performance.

There are 1.7 billion websites on the World Wide Web, among which less than 200 million websites are active right now as per the websitesetup.org.

Have you ever wondered why only 200 million websites manage to stay active? Visual appeal, user-focused navigation, responsiveness, and above all a strong backend to make sure smooth working of the website are a few ingredients of a successful website.

How can I develop a website that possesses all the virtues of a user-focused website and ranks above your competitor? In addition to the right web development company, you also have to make the selection of the right web programming language for your websites.

However, due to the overwhelming number of web development programming languages picking one becomes a challenging thing to do. To find out which programming language to choose for web development, here we are concluding the 5 best backend and frontend web development languages you can choose in 2022.

So, let’s get started.

5 Best Web Programming Languages

Web developers basically use the two different types of programming languages i.e.

  1. Frontend web programming languages: Such languages are used to code interfaces and visuals that are visible to the site visitors. The frontend is also known as the client-side web development programming language.
  2. Backend web programming languages: Or server-side programming languages are responsible for handling the communication between the server and frontend.

Now, let’s discuss the 5 best web development programming languages:

1.    JavaScript

JavaScript is a lightweight programming language for web development used both client-side and server-side. It is used with the conjunction of frontend programming languages like HTML and CSS to enhance the interactivity on web pages.

JavaScript is a modern, strongly-typed language that is not limited to web development but also is used for mobile app development as well.

According to Statista.com, nearly 64.96% of web developers worldwide prefer to use JavaScript which makes it the most used programming language.

The most common example of JavaScript is the Amazon search box.

Advantages of JavaScript

  • Speed: JavaScript’s dependency on the outside resources is very limited. It is an interpreted language which means the JavaScript code can be executed directly on the client environment without compilation which saves a lot of time.
  • Easy learning curve: JavaScript programming language syntaxes are inspired by Java and are comparatively very easy to learn.
  • All modern browsers are supported: Be it Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, Opera, or Microsoft Edge, JavaScript has compatibility with all of these.
  • Extended Functionality: Web developers can enhance the functionality of web pages by writing JavaScript codes for third-party.

Drawbacks of Python

  • Client-side security: JavaScript code is visible to everyone which makes it prone to cyber-attacks. By knowing the source code of websites, cyber attackers may use it for malicious purposes.
  • Lack of debugging system: Browsers don’t show any errors related to JavaScript which makes it difficult for developers to perform debugging.
  • Single inheritance: JavaScript offers support for single inheritance only which becomes a problem when a program requires multiple inheritances.

2.    Python

Python is quite popular among developers due to its compatibility with various modern-day technologies like machine learning, data science, IoT, and so on.

It is an open-source programming language, easy to learn, and supported by a huge community which makes it an ideal choice for beginner web developers.

Another reason for the increased usage of the Python programming language for web development is its huge collection of standard libraries that assist the developers at every stage of the development. Python has become a more prominent choice for developing artificial intelligence and machine-learning-based web applications.

Advantages of Python

  • Open-source and free: Since Python is licensed under an OSI-approved open-source license, it is completely free to use, even for commercial purposes.
  • Object-oriented and procedure-oriented: Object-oriented means the language focuses more on the data and object. While procedure-oriented meant it focused more on the functions. Python has both of these traits.
  • Support for GUI: It is backed by the graphical user interface (GUI). Which makes the user’s interaction with the software a lot easier.
  • Easier debugging: Python language source code is directly converted into an intermediate code called bytecode line by line not all at once. As a result, the process of debugging the code becomes a lot easier.

Drawbacks of Python

  • Slow speed: Without an iota of doubt, Python is a high-level programming language that has no comparison with C or C++ in terms of hardware. But when it comes to speed it is slower than C or C++.
  • Limited database access: Python offers limited access to the database which makes it an underdeveloped or primitive programming language.
  • Run-time errors: Since Python is dynamically typed the errors are only shown up at runtime.

3.    PHP

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is an open-source server-side programming language that offers the next level of security for web development projects.

It is an interpreted programming language which means it doesn’t require compilation. Moreover, it shares compatibility with all major operating systems including Windows, macOS, Linux, and so forth.

Advantages of PHP

  • Faster performance speed: PHP has its own memory which reduces its dependency on servers. As a result, it delivers faster processing speed and performance.
  • Embedded: PHP code can be easily integrated with the frontend web programming languages like HTML.
  • Database support: PHP offers support for a variety of databases including MYSQL, SQLite, ODBC, and so forth.
  • Unparalleled security: By using multiple layers of security, PHP offers unparalleled security to all the websites built on it.

Disadvantages of PHP

  • Declining popularity: Undoubtedly PHP is a powerful programming language for web development but due to the availability of easy-to-learn and more powerful languages such as Python, PHP is losing its popularity.
  • Absence of libraries for modern needs: Although PHP has a collection of libraries considering the recent developing needs of websites. It fails to impress developers.
  • Poor performance: With PHP using multiple features at a time results in poor performance.

4.    HTML

HTML or HyperText Markup Language is one of the most commonly used frontend web development programming languages. It is said to be the foundation programming language for web development, hence every frontend developer must learn it.

Unlike scripting languages, it is a declarative markup language that doesn’t contain any logic, manipulates data, doesn’t take input from developers, and produces output. It is primarily used for web page structuring.

Advantages of HTML

  • Smooth learning curve
  • Platform independent
  • Supported by all major browsers

Drawbacks of HTML

  • Since HTML is static, it cannot be used to produce dynamic outputs.
  • HTML lacks security features.

5.    CSS

CSS or Cascading Style Sheet is referred to as a simple design language that is used to control the style of web pages in the most simple and easy way.

It is primarily responsible for managing the look and feel of the web pages by allowing frontend developers to control the color of text, style of fonts, spacing, screen sizes, and a variety of other effects.

Advantages of CSS

  • Time-efficient: You can write the CSS for one web page and can reuse the similar CSS on multiple pages at your convenience.
  • Pages load faster: Designers need not specify the style for every HTML attribute. Just write once and apply it to all occurrences of that HTML tag.
  • Easy maintenance: Simple change the style and relevant changes will be visible on the web page instantly.

Drawbacks of CSS

  • The cross-browser issue, what works on a browser might behave inappropriately on another browser.
  • Limited security
  • Styling multiple pages might result in slower downloading and page loading

Final Take

Having a basic knowledge of web prog
ramming languages is a must before making a choice of the programming language for a web development project. You should choose a language that aligns best with your project requirement.

If you are still confused about which web development program language you should choose, it would be in your interest to have a discussion with a web development company.

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