Reference and Education

Relationship between Research Questions, Research Objectives and Hypothesis

Research Objectives


Research questions, research objectives, and hypotheses are the crucial components of research. They set the tone and direction of the entire research paper. Lend coherence to the research, and they are the crucial links that keep the research intact. Play the role of beacons in research that helps the researcher navigate the entire research process. Research questions, research objectives, and hypotheses are interdependent. They follow each other in a logical manner where one aspect follows the other and is pre-determined by the former. But there are some differences between research questions, research objectives, and hypotheses. This article will tell you the similarities and differences between research questions, research objectives, and hypotheses.

What are the research questions?

Research questions are the specific questions that researchers formulate at the beginning of a research. Researchers construct research questions that aim to seek answers for the investigated phenomenon. The researchers seek to answer these questions by gathering evidence and analyzing. Research questions are the crucial components of comprehensive research. They aid in defining a clear roadmap for the research process. Every research starts with a research question. It is, in essence, your research’s principal questioning point, and it determines the tone of your study.

Determinations of Research Questions

The research question determines the research methodology and hypothesis and directs all investigating steps, such as data collection and analysis. Specific and accurate research questions help researchers take a good start and collect necessary information for their research. Research questions that are vague lead to vague inquiries and ambiguous results. So, researchers need to formulate clear and specific research questions. The outcome of the research depends upon asking the right questions. The right research questions are comprehensible, straightforward, and precise.

What are the research objectives?

The research objectives state clearly what the study is attempting to accomplish. They outline the goals that a researcher hopes to attain through the research and provide direction to the entire research. A research goal must be attainable, which means it must be defined considering available time, research facilities, and other means. Before developing a research goal, you must review all recent breakthroughs in your field of study and identify any knowledge gaps that need to be addressed. It will assist you in developing appropriate research project objectives. Research objectives must be clearly stated, and a researcher must construct the research objectives about the research questions. Research objectives that stray from the research questions lead to inconsistency. So, it is important to connect the research objectives with the research questions and statement of the problem.

What is a hypothesis?

A hypothesis is an assumption made by researchers at the start of the research. The assumption is evidence-based and testable. Quantitative research often requires formulating a hypothesis which is a short testable statement that forecasts the study’s findings. Researchers formulate a hypothesis to signify a relationship between two or more variables.

There are two main variables in the hypothesis, i.e., an independent variable and a dependent variable. Researchers collect evidence and conduct experiments to understand the connection or correlation between the variables. There are controlling or mediating variables as well in a hypothesis. The results gathered from testing the hypothesis help researchers forecast their results and seek broader implications. Researchers use statistical methods and experimentation to test and analyze the hypothesis. The goal of the researcher is to collect objective evidence to test the hypothesis. The results either validate the hypothesis or refute the hypothesis. Hypotheses encompass two types which are the null hypothesis and an alternative hypothesis.

What are the similarities and differences between research questions, research objectives, and hypotheses?

Research questions, research objectives, and hypotheses refer to the scientific process of investigating a phenomenon. Every research starts with a question. Research has its origin in the discipline of philosophy that goes back to ancient Greece. Philosophy is a Greek word that means love for wisdom. Philos means “love”, and Sophia means “wisdom”.

Every inquiry throughout the human ages started with a sense of wonder. Humans can think for themselves, ask questions and attempt to find the answers to these questions. Initially, the questions pertained to What is the purpose of life? Where did we come from? How do we arrange our affairs? These types of questions were philosophical and ethical. As human beings progressed and kept asking questions, their knowledge expanded, and they sought answers regarding the hidden mysteries of the universe and this planet.

So, a research question seeks to find answers to a perplexing problem or a pressing issue.

There are so many situations that surround us in our daily lives. We often think about them and ask questions without being aware of the scientific process. Researchers ask questions regarding a natural or a social phenomenon that they think will contribute value to the existing body of knowledge. So, the primary building block of research is a clear, specific, and straightforward research question.

Hypothesis Derives

A hypothesis derives its substance from the research question, but sometimes a hypothesis helps formulate the research question. The research question and hypothesis are interlinked and interdependent. A hypothesis is a tentative statement that predicts the study’s outcome by defining the research variables. The primary difference between research questions and hypothesis is the nature of the inquiry. A research question is inquisitive that seeks to find answers to the relevant research problem. On the other hand, a hypothesis is predictive that seeks to validate or refute a claim.

Research objectives

Research objectives follow the research questions and hypothesis. They define the aims of the research. Research objectives attempt to find answers to the research questions. So, research questions help determine the aims and objectives of the study. Moreover, research objectives must be in alignment with the hypothesis. The research question inquires about a phenomenon: what is the fundamental nature of something, what the factors responsible for an occurrence are, and why or how something happens. A hypothesis is a testable statement that predicts the study’s possible outcomes. But research objectives are the practical steps you will take to address the research questions. They are the defined goals that help researchers how they will prove or disprove the hypothesis.


Research questions, research objectives, and hypotheses are interlinked concepts in the research process. They are crucial for setting the tone and direction of the research. So, researchers must spend considerable time devising these three important concepts in their research process.

Author Bio:

Robert Fawl is a professional Content writer & Content Marketer. Based in London, Robert is an author and blogger with experience in encounter composing on various topics including but not limited to Essay Writing, Dissertation Writing, Research Paper Writing, Coursework Writing Services, Thesis Writing Services, Assignment Writing, etc.

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